ACTIVITY 3.4 TRANSLATION A. WORD IDENTIFICATION Below Are The Vocabulary Word Discusse…

ACTIVITY 3.4
TRANSLATION
A. WORD IDENTIFICATION
Below are the vocabulary word discussed in the module. Unscramble
them and write the corrected word in the 2nd column, after which write on
the space provided the description for that word on the 3rd column.
Vocabulary
Words Corrected Words Description/Function
BROOMIES
NOD OC
DICOT ANNO
1 MAIN CODA
1 PER TON
ART N
I SAT ON TRAN L
ARMN
MY ENZE
PPPEETLIOYD​

Answer & Explanation:

Ribosome – an organelle that functions in the synthesis of proteins.

Codon – a group of three sequential nitrogen bases pf an mRNA molecule.

Anticodon – a region of tRNA consisting of three bases complementary to the codon of mRNA.

Amino Acid – a carboxylic acid with an amino group; one of 20 monomers that form proteins.

Protein – an organic compound composed of one or more chains of polypeptides, which in turn are formed from amino acids.

transfer RNA (tRNA) –  the type of RNA that carries amino acids from the cytoplasm to the ribosomes

Translation – the process of converting the genetic code in  RNA into the amino acid sequence that makes a up a protein.

messenger RNA (mRNA) – the type of RNA that carries genetic information from the nucleus to the ribosomes.

Enzyme – a catalyst, usually a protein, in living systems.

Polypeptide – a long chain of several amino acids.

Ref. – Modern Biology, 2002 (Holt, Rinehart, and Winston)

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